A Comprehensive Guide On How To Create SSH Keys

What is Create SSH ?


In today's interconnected world, security is paramount. Whether you're a system administrator, a developer, or simply a tech-savvy individual, ensuring the security of your digital assets is crucial. One of the fundamental tools for securing remote connections is SSH (Secure Shell). In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the process of creating SSH keys, a critical component of SSH authentication, and how to use them to enhance the security of your systems.

What is SSH?

SSH, or Secure Shell, is a cryptographic network protocol used for securely connecting to remote systems over an unsecured network, such as the internet. It provides a secure channel over which you can execute commands and transfer data, protecting your information from eavesdropping, tampering, and other malicious activities. SSH is widely used for remote administration, file transfers, and tunneling, making it an essential tool for IT professionals and developers.

The Importance of SSH Keys

SSH uses various authentication methods, including passwords and public key authentication. While passwords are a common method, they can be vulnerable to brute-force attacks and may not offer the level of security needed for critical systems. SSH keys, on the other hand, provide a more robust and secure authentication mechanism.

SSH keys consist of a pair of cryptographic keys: a public key and a private key. The public key is placed on the remote server, while the private key is kept securely on the client system. When a connection is established, the client system uses its private key to prove its identity, and the server verifies this identity using the associated public key. This process ensures a high level of security and is resistant to various types of attacks.

Creating SSH Keys

To create SSH keys, you can follow these steps:

  1. Check for Existing Keys: Before generating new SSH keys, it's a good practice to check if you already have them on your system. Look for files named id_rsa and id_rsa.pub in your ~/.ssh directory.

  2. Generate a New SSH Key Pair: If you don't have SSH keys, you can generate a new pair using the ssh-keygen command. Open a terminal and run:

    ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "[email protected]"

    Replace "[email protected]" with your email address. The -t flag specifies the key type (RSA), and the -b flag specifies the key size (4096 bits is recommended for enhanced security).

  3. Choose a Secure Passphrase (Optional): You can optionally set a passphrase to encrypt your private key. This adds an extra layer of security, as even if someone gains access to your private key, they won't be able to use it without the passphrase.

  4. Save the Keys: By default, ssh-keygen saves your keys in the ~/.ssh directory with the filenames id_rsa (private key) and id_rsa.pub (public key).

Using SSH Keys for Authentication

Now that you have generated SSH keys, it's time to use them for authentication:

  1. Copy the Public Key: To use your SSH key to authenticate with remote servers, you need to copy your public key to the remote server's ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file. You can do this manually or use the ssh-copy-id command:

    ssh-copy-id user@remote_server

    Replace user with your username and remote_server with the server's hostname or IP address.

  2. Configure SSH Agent (Optional): If you've set a passphrase for your private key, you can use an SSH agent to manage your keys without entering the passphrase every time you connect to a remote server. To add your key to the agent, run:

    ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa

    You'll be prompted to enter your passphrase.

  3. Connect Securely: With your SSH keys set up, you can now connect to remote servers securely without needing a password:

    ssh user@remote_server

    The SSH client will use your private key to authenticate you on the remote server.

Best Practices and Security Considerations

Creating SSH keys is a crucial step in enhancing security, but it's essential to follow best practices and consider security implications:

  1. Regularly Update Keys: Periodically update your SSH keys and remove any old or unused keys from remote servers.

  2. Use Strong Passphrases: If you use passphrases for your private keys, ensure they are strong and unique.

  3. Protect Your Private Key: Keep your private key secure by setting appropriate permissions (chmod 600 ~/.ssh/id_rsa) and using encryption if necessary.

  4. Disable Password Authentication: For added security, consider disabling password authentication on your SSH server and relying solely on SSH keys.

  5. Monitor and Log: Implement monitoring and logging to detect any suspicious SSH activity.


SSH keys are a vital tool for securing remote connections and protecting your digital assets from unauthorized access. By following the steps outlined in this guide and adhering to best practices, you can create and use SSH keys effectively to enhance the security of your systems. Remember that security is an ongoing process, so regularly review and update your SSH key setup to stay ahead of potential threats. With SSH keys, you can confidently navigate the digital landscape with a robust layer of protection.

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SSH Supported Protocol

  • OpenSSH over SSl/TLS Connection
  • Dropbear over SSL/TLS Connection
  • SSH Websocket
  • SSH CDN Cloudflare
  • SSH CDN Cloudfront
  • SSH over DNS (SlowDNS or DNSTT)
  • SSH UDP Custom

GlobalSSH provides Free and Premium Accounts. Free ssh account have a limited active periode of 3 days. But, you can extend its active period before it runs out. Premium ssh account will reduce balance every hour. So, member are required to top up first and make sure the balance is sufficient. All ssh tunnel accounts are equipped with unlimited bandwidth up to 1Gbps.

To use SSH tunneling, you need to have an SSH client installed on your local computer and access to an SSH server. You can then use the SSH client to establish a secure connection to the SSH server and configure the tunneling settings.

List SSH Client Apps

  • Putty
  • Bitvise SSH Client
  • HTTP Net Header (Official Software) for Windows
  • [G] Tunnel (Official Software) for Windows
  • Netmod for Android / Windows
  • HTTP Injector for Android
  • HTTP Custom for Android
  • KPN Tunnel Rev for Android
  • etc

There are many different ways to use SSH tunneling, depending on your needs. For example, you might use an SSH tunnel to securely access a remote network, bypassing a firewall or other security measures. Alternatively, you might use an SSH tunnel to securely access a local network resource from a remote location, such as a file server or printer.

SSH tunneling is a powerful tool for securely accessing remote servers and services, and it is widely used in situations where a secure connection is necessary but not available directly.

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